في الصورة أدناه، سوف ترون أن جميع المربعات في اللوحة هي مربعات سوداء وبيضاء بتقسيم شطرنجي متساوي ... صح؟
لا، خطأ. لأن مربع A ومربع B هما نفس اللون ... ألا تصدقوني؟
هذه الخدعة البصرية من إختراع إدوارد آدلسون، أستاذ العلوم البصرية في جامعة ماساتشوستس التقنية. وهذا شرحه للخدعة أتركه باللغة الإنجليزية لعدم توفر الوقت لدي حالياً لترجتمه:
The visual system needs to determine the color of objects in the world. In this case the problem is to determine the gray shade of the checks on the floor. Just measuring the light coming from a surface (the luminance) is not enough: a cast shadow will dim a surface, so that a white surface in shadow may be reflecting less light than a black surface in full light. The visual system uses several tricks to determine where the shadows are and how to compensate for them, in order to determine the shade of gray “paint” that belongs to the surface.
The first trick is based on local contrast. In shadow or not, a check that is lighter than its neighboring checks is probably lighter than average, and vice versa. In the figure, the light check in shadow is surrounded by darker checks. Thus, even though the check is physically dark, it is light when compared to its neighbors. The dark checks outside the shadow, conversely, are surrounded by lighter checks, so they look dark by comparison.
A second trick is based on the fact that shadows often have soft edges, while paint boundaries (like the checks) often have sharp edges. The visual system tends to ignore gradual changes in light level, so that it can determine the color of the surfaces without being misled by shadows. In this figure, the shadow looks like a shadow, both because it is fuzzy and because the shadow casting object is visible.
The “paintness” of the checks is aided by the form of the “X-junctions” formed by 4 abutting checks. This type of junction is usually a signal that all the edges should be interpreted as changes in surface color rather than in terms of shadows or lighting.
والشكر موصول للصديق Logan Ares على التنبيه للخطأ في التعليق السابق.